Brom (Br)

Allgemeine Eigenschaften

Symbol Br
Ordnungszahl 35
Atomgewicht 79.904
Gruppe
17 (Fluorfamilie)
VIIB (IUPAC), VIIA (CAS)
Liquid, Diamagnetic, Insulator, Halogen, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural
Periode 4
Block p

Physikalische Eigenschaften

Dichte 3.12 g/cm3
Atomvolumen 23.5 cm3/mole
Atomradius 1.12 angstroms
Kovalenzradius 114 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0003%
Crystal Structure Orthorhombic
Color Red

Energien

Elektronengravität 3.0 (Pauling-Skala)
Elektronenaffinität 324.6 kJ/mol
1. Ionisierungsenergie 1140 kJ/mol
2. Ionization Energy 2103 kJ/mol
3. Ionization Energy 3470 kJ/mol
4. Ionization Energy 4560 kJ/mol
5. Ionization Energy 5760 kJ/mol
6. Ionization Energy 8550 kJ/mol
7. Ionization Energy 9940 kJ/mol
8. Ionization Energy 18600 kJ/mol
Spezifische Wärmekapazität 0.226 J g−1 K−1
Wärmeleitfähigkeit 0.122 W·m−1·K−1

Elektronen & Oxidation

Oxidationsstufen ±1,+5
Elektronen pro Schale 2 8 18 7
Elektronenkonfiguration [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p5
Orbital Diagramm
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktiv Nein

Medien

Planetarisches Bohrsches Atommodell von Brom (Br)
Lewis Dot Diagramm von Brom (Br)
Description
Redish-brown liquid.
Uses
It was once used in large quantities to make a compound that removed lead compound build up in engines burning leaded gasoline. Now it is primarily used in dyes, disinfectants, and photographic chemicals.
Sources
Occurs in compounds in sea water.
Pronounciation (English)
BRO-meen

Übersetzungen

Afrikaans Broom
Aragonese Bromo
العربية بروم
Armãneashte Bromu
asturianu Bromu
azərbaycan dili Brom
български Бром
বাংলা ব্রোমিন
brezhoneg Brom
bosanski Brom
Byelorussian Бром
Cebuano Bromo
čeština Brom
Chuvash Бром
Cymraeg Brom
dansk Brom
Deutsch Brom
Ελληνικά Βρωμιο
English Bromine
esperanto Bromo
español Bromo
eesti Broom
euskara Bromoa
فارسی برم
suomi Bromi
føroyskt Brom
français Brome
furlan Brom
West-Frysk Broom
Gaeilge Bróimín
Gàidhlig Bròimin
galego Bromo
ગુજરાતી બ્રોમિનનો
Gaelg Bromeen
Hakka Chinese Tshiù (溴)
עברית ברום
हिन्दी ब्रोमिन
hrvatski Brom
magyar Bróm
հայերեն Բրոմ
Indonesia Brom
íslenska Bróm
italiano Bromo
日本語 臭素
ქართული ბრომი
کٲشُر Bróm
қазақ тілі Бром
한국어 브롬, 2브로민
Kurdish Brom
Komi Бром
kernewek Bromyn
кыргызча Бром
Latin Bromium
Lëtzebuergesch Brom
Lombard Bròom
lingála Bomo
lietuvių Bromas
latviešu Broms
Mari Бром
Maori Pūkane
македонски Бром
മലയാളം ബ്രോമിന്‍
монгол Бром
Мокшан Брома
Bahasa Melayu Bromin, ²Brom
Malti Bromin, ²Bromu
Nahuatl Bromo
Nederlands Broom
norsk Brom
Occitan Bròm
ирон Бром
polski Brom
português Bromo
Runasimi Bromu
română Brom
русский Бром
slovenčina Bróm
slovenščina Brom
Samoan Bromimi
Samogitian Bruoms
shqip Brom
српски Бром
Southern Sotho Bromini
svenska Brom
Kiswahili Bromi
தமிழ் புரோமின்
Tajik Бром
ไทย โบรมีน
Türkçe Brom
ئۇيغۇرچە بروم
українська Бром
o‘zbek Brom
Tiếng Việt Brom
Võro Bruum
中文

Geschichte

Entdeckt
1826
Entdeckt durch
Antoine-J. Balard
Entdeckt in
France
Wortherkunft
From the Greek word "bromos" meaning "stench"